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1Company KINZH-AGRO, Moscow, Russia
2Company AGRONET, Moscow Region, Sergiev Posad, Russia
A method and the necessary analytical equipment for the mass quantitative determination of sulfate ions in aqueous extracts from soils and in aqueous media is proposed, consisting in the fact that a known amount of 2-aqueous barium chloride with hydrogen chloride is added to the aliquot of the analyzed sample in the form of an aqueous solution. The resulting insoluble barium sulfate compound reduces the initial concentration of barium chloride. The amount of barium chloride remaining in the solution is determined on the specially designed flame spectrophotometric analyzer. This allows you to calculate the amount of sulfate ions associated with barium, which is automatically performed by the device program. The range of reliably determined concentrations of sulfate ions by the proposed method in water samples ranged from 10 to 100 mg/dm3. The range of reliably determined concentrations of sulfate ions in aqueous extracts from soils ranged from 0.2 to 2.4 C(1/2SO4) mol/dm3 (from 10 to 115 mg/dm3). Higher concentrations of sulfate ions must be diluted multiple times with distilled water. The method makes it possible to determine the concentration of sulfate ions in aqueous soil extracts, freshwater reservoirs and rivers, underground sources, tap water, sediments contaminated with sulfuric acid emissions from industrial enterprises. The method is quite simple, accurate and productive. The method is certified by the State Ural Research Institute of Metrology (MVI-66373620-007-2018) and approved by the Federal Agency for technical regulation and Metrology (Rosstandart), as a standard method under No. 253.0080/RA. RU.311866/2019. Patent No. 2681855 of the Russian Federal Service for Intellectual Property with priority dated September 15, 2017 was obtained for the method for determining sulfur in the form of a sulfate ion in an aqueous extract from soils and the equipment necessary for this. Detailed methods for determining sulfate ions in these objects are published in the open press in the book: "Determination of agrochemical and chemical parameters of soils, plants and aquatic environments using flow-decade analysis technology" edited by Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences R. F. Baibekov.
Sulfate Ions, Chemical Analysis, Water Extracts, Soil, Water Samples, Flame Spectrophotometry, Flow-Decade Analysis Technology
Yuri Loginov, Vladimir Kuznetsov. (2023). A New Method for the Quantitative Determination of Sulfate Ions in Aqueous Extracts from Soils and in Aqueous Media, and Analytical Equipment for Its Implementation. Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 11(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjac.20231101.11
Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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|13.||A method for determining the molar concentration of sulfate ions in aqueous extract from soils by flame photometric method using flow-decade technology. MVI-66373620-007-2018. Moscow. 2018.|