Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry

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A Study on Physicochemical Properties and Water Quality in Selected Areas of Ethiopia

Received: 17 May 2023    Accepted: 8 June 2023    Published: 20 June 2023
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Abstract

For industrial, agricultural, and drinking needs in inland regions, rivers and lakes serve as the main water sources. The factors that impact water quality on a chemical, physical, and biological level are always important. The microbiological quality is crucial and must never be sacrificed in order to provide visually appealing and acceptable water. The most important water quality properties—temperature, pH, turbidity, conductivity, total dissolved solids, total suspended solids, heavy metals, chlorides, nitrates, fluorides, sulfates, bacteria, COD, BOD, DO, etc.—are basic evaluation parameters. This study aimed to review the physicochemical characteristics of water quality in selected areas of Ethiopia. The concentration of those physicochemical properties in water was compared with WHO permissible levels. As a result, turbidity, K, and Na were found beyond WHO permissible levels and the others were found within the acceptable range. Existence beyond acceptable range is a result of daily human activity, the lake closest to the city, and poor household waste management. From this study, we recommend that it is better to study water quality assessment properly and regularly. It's also suggested to create an effective waste management system and prevent the untreated discharge of industrial waste into nearby lakes and rivers. Likewise, creating and raising awareness about treating water with modern waste management technologies is also important.

DOI 10.11648/j.sjac.20231102.12
Published in Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry (Volume 11, Issue 2, June 2023)
Page(s) 19-22
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Ethiopia, Physicochemical, Quality, Water

References
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  • APA Style

    Kasahun Wale, Bealu Girma. (2023). A Study on Physicochemical Properties and Water Quality in Selected Areas of Ethiopia. Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 11(2), 19-22. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjac.20231102.12

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    ACS Style

    Kasahun Wale; Bealu Girma. A Study on Physicochemical Properties and Water Quality in Selected Areas of Ethiopia. Sci. J. Anal. Chem. 2023, 11(2), 19-22. doi: 10.11648/j.sjac.20231102.12

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    AMA Style

    Kasahun Wale, Bealu Girma. A Study on Physicochemical Properties and Water Quality in Selected Areas of Ethiopia. Sci J Anal Chem. 2023;11(2):19-22. doi: 10.11648/j.sjac.20231102.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.sjac.20231102.12,
      author = {Kasahun Wale and Bealu Girma},
      title = {A Study on Physicochemical Properties and Water Quality in Selected Areas of Ethiopia},
      journal = {Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry},
      volume = {11},
      number = {2},
      pages = {19-22},
      doi = {10.11648/j.sjac.20231102.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjac.20231102.12},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.sjac.20231102.12},
      abstract = {For industrial, agricultural, and drinking needs in inland regions, rivers and lakes serve as the main water sources. The factors that impact water quality on a chemical, physical, and biological level are always important. The microbiological quality is crucial and must never be sacrificed in order to provide visually appealing and acceptable water. The most important water quality properties—temperature, pH, turbidity, conductivity, total dissolved solids, total suspended solids, heavy metals, chlorides, nitrates, fluorides, sulfates, bacteria, COD, BOD, DO, etc.—are basic evaluation parameters. This study aimed to review the physicochemical characteristics of water quality in selected areas of Ethiopia. The concentration of those physicochemical properties in water was compared with WHO permissible levels. As a result, turbidity, K, and Na were found beyond WHO permissible levels and the others were found within the acceptable range. Existence beyond acceptable range is a result of daily human activity, the lake closest to the city, and poor household waste management. From this study, we recommend that it is better to study water quality assessment properly and regularly. It's also suggested to create an effective waste management system and prevent the untreated discharge of industrial waste into nearby lakes and rivers. Likewise, creating and raising awareness about treating water with modern waste management technologies is also important.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - A Study on Physicochemical Properties and Water Quality in Selected Areas of Ethiopia
    AU  - Kasahun Wale
    AU  - Bealu Girma
    Y1  - 2023/06/20
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjac.20231102.12
    DO  - 10.11648/j.sjac.20231102.12
    T2  - Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry
    JF  - Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry
    JO  - Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry
    SP  - 19
    EP  - 22
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2376-8053
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjac.20231102.12
    AB  - For industrial, agricultural, and drinking needs in inland regions, rivers and lakes serve as the main water sources. The factors that impact water quality on a chemical, physical, and biological level are always important. The microbiological quality is crucial and must never be sacrificed in order to provide visually appealing and acceptable water. The most important water quality properties—temperature, pH, turbidity, conductivity, total dissolved solids, total suspended solids, heavy metals, chlorides, nitrates, fluorides, sulfates, bacteria, COD, BOD, DO, etc.—are basic evaluation parameters. This study aimed to review the physicochemical characteristics of water quality in selected areas of Ethiopia. The concentration of those physicochemical properties in water was compared with WHO permissible levels. As a result, turbidity, K, and Na were found beyond WHO permissible levels and the others were found within the acceptable range. Existence beyond acceptable range is a result of daily human activity, the lake closest to the city, and poor household waste management. From this study, we recommend that it is better to study water quality assessment properly and regularly. It's also suggested to create an effective waste management system and prevent the untreated discharge of industrial waste into nearby lakes and rivers. Likewise, creating and raising awareness about treating water with modern waste management technologies is also important.
    VL  - 11
    IS  - 2
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Jimma Research Agricultural Research Center, Jimma, Ethiopia

  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Jimma Research Agricultural Research Center, Jimma, Ethiopia

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