Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry

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Bioaccumulation of Trace Metals in Fish from Issiet River, Uruan, Nigeria

Received: 10 August 2023    Accepted: 12 September 2023    Published: 28 December 2023
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Abstract

Environmental problems associated with water pollution are great. Obviously, the problems are connected to the damages done to the aquatic environment as a result of anthropogenic activities. Anthropogenic activities could have serious detrimental effects in the aquatic environment. These could go a long way in affecting the suitability of water and aquatic organisms from such an environment for human use. Levels of Pb, Ni, Fe, Cu, Co and Cd were evaluated in fish (Brycinus nurse) in order to assess the bioaccumulation of the trace metals in the fish with the view to ascertain the suitability of the fish from Issiet River in Uruan, Nigeria, for human consumption, The levels of the trace metals were also evaluated in water and sediment. Dry and wet seasons’ samples were collected and digested according to standard methods and analysed using Unicam 939/935 atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Physicochemical properties were also quantified in water samples using standard procedures. The results revealed variable levels of the investigated parameters in the samples. Trace metals levels in fish ranged from 0.0031±0.00 mg/kg Cd to 0.298±0.01 mg/kg Fe for the two seasons. The trace metals levels in fish, water and sediment were below the permissible limits stipulated by WHO and USEPA. Bioaccumulation factor analysis of trace metals in fish revealed the range: 1.15 of Cd to 3.06 of Ni from water for the two seasons and 0.23 of Cd to 1.11 of Pb from sediment. In conclusion, the analysed fish, water and sediment contained variable levels of the investigated trace metals. Their levels in the fish were below the limits that could cause toxicity in human consuming the fish, at the time of the study. Periodic analyses of the investigated trace metals in the river are highly recommended for the purpose of documentation and monitory.

DOI 10.11648/j.sjac.20231104.11
Published in Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry (Volume 11, Issue 4, December 2023)
Page(s) 40-48
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Bioaccumulation, Trace Metals, AAS, Fish, Issiet River, Uruan, Nigeria

References
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Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Henry, I. U., Uwah, E. I., Akpan, N. A., Udombeh, R. B., Udoidiong, O. M. (2023). Bioaccumulation of Trace Metals in Fish from Issiet River, Uruan, Nigeria. Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 11(4), 40-48. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjac.20231104.11

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    ACS Style

    Henry, I. U.; Uwah, E. I.; Akpan, N. A.; Udombeh, R. B.; Udoidiong, O. M. Bioaccumulation of Trace Metals in Fish from Issiet River, Uruan, Nigeria. Sci. J. Anal. Chem. 2023, 11(4), 40-48. doi: 10.11648/j.sjac.20231104.11

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    AMA Style

    Henry IU, Uwah EI, Akpan NA, Udombeh RB, Udoidiong OM. Bioaccumulation of Trace Metals in Fish from Issiet River, Uruan, Nigeria. Sci J Anal Chem. 2023;11(4):40-48. doi: 10.11648/j.sjac.20231104.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.sjac.20231104.11,
      author = {Ido Udo Henry and Emmanuel Isaac Uwah and Nsima Amos Akpan and Rosemary Boniface Udombeh and Okon Monday Udoidiong},
      title = {Bioaccumulation of Trace Metals in Fish from Issiet River, Uruan, Nigeria},
      journal = {Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry},
      volume = {11},
      number = {4},
      pages = {40-48},
      doi = {10.11648/j.sjac.20231104.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjac.20231104.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.sjac.20231104.11},
      abstract = {Environmental problems associated with water pollution are great. Obviously, the problems are connected to the damages done to the aquatic environment as a result of anthropogenic activities. Anthropogenic activities could have serious detrimental effects in the aquatic environment. These could go a long way in affecting the suitability of water and aquatic organisms from such an environment for human use. Levels of Pb, Ni, Fe, Cu, Co and Cd were evaluated in fish (Brycinus nurse) in order to assess the bioaccumulation of the trace metals in the fish with the view to ascertain the suitability of the fish from Issiet River in Uruan, Nigeria, for human consumption, The levels of the trace metals were also evaluated in water and sediment. Dry and wet seasons’ samples were collected and digested according to standard methods and analysed using Unicam 939/935 atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Physicochemical properties were also quantified in water samples using standard procedures. The results revealed variable levels of the investigated parameters in the samples. Trace metals levels in fish ranged from 0.0031±0.00 mg/kg Cd to 0.298±0.01 mg/kg Fe for the two seasons. The trace metals levels in fish, water and sediment were below the permissible limits stipulated by WHO and USEPA. Bioaccumulation factor analysis of trace metals in fish revealed the range: 1.15 of Cd to 3.06 of Ni from water for the two seasons and 0.23 of Cd to 1.11 of Pb from sediment. In conclusion, the analysed fish, water and sediment contained variable levels of the investigated trace metals. Their levels in the fish were below the limits that could cause toxicity in human consuming the fish, at the time of the study. Periodic analyses of the investigated trace metals in the river are highly recommended for the purpose of documentation and monitory.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Bioaccumulation of Trace Metals in Fish from Issiet River, Uruan, Nigeria
    AU  - Ido Udo Henry
    AU  - Emmanuel Isaac Uwah
    AU  - Nsima Amos Akpan
    AU  - Rosemary Boniface Udombeh
    AU  - Okon Monday Udoidiong
    Y1  - 2023/12/28
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjac.20231104.11
    DO  - 10.11648/j.sjac.20231104.11
    T2  - Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry
    JF  - Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry
    JO  - Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry
    SP  - 40
    EP  - 48
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2376-8053
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjac.20231104.11
    AB  - Environmental problems associated with water pollution are great. Obviously, the problems are connected to the damages done to the aquatic environment as a result of anthropogenic activities. Anthropogenic activities could have serious detrimental effects in the aquatic environment. These could go a long way in affecting the suitability of water and aquatic organisms from such an environment for human use. Levels of Pb, Ni, Fe, Cu, Co and Cd were evaluated in fish (Brycinus nurse) in order to assess the bioaccumulation of the trace metals in the fish with the view to ascertain the suitability of the fish from Issiet River in Uruan, Nigeria, for human consumption, The levels of the trace metals were also evaluated in water and sediment. Dry and wet seasons’ samples were collected and digested according to standard methods and analysed using Unicam 939/935 atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Physicochemical properties were also quantified in water samples using standard procedures. The results revealed variable levels of the investigated parameters in the samples. Trace metals levels in fish ranged from 0.0031±0.00 mg/kg Cd to 0.298±0.01 mg/kg Fe for the two seasons. The trace metals levels in fish, water and sediment were below the permissible limits stipulated by WHO and USEPA. Bioaccumulation factor analysis of trace metals in fish revealed the range: 1.15 of Cd to 3.06 of Ni from water for the two seasons and 0.23 of Cd to 1.11 of Pb from sediment. In conclusion, the analysed fish, water and sediment contained variable levels of the investigated trace metals. Their levels in the fish were below the limits that could cause toxicity in human consuming the fish, at the time of the study. Periodic analyses of the investigated trace metals in the river are highly recommended for the purpose of documentation and monitory.
    
    VL  - 11
    IS  - 4
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria

  • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria

  • Department of Chemical Sciences, Faculty Natural & Applied Sciences, Ritman University, Ikot Ekpene, Nigeria

  • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria

  • Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Environmental Management, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria

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